PAUL JENNINGS & WHITE HOUSE SLAVERY: A DIGITAL ARCHIVE FOR ENGLISH 541 - "THE RUDE QUARTER CENTURY"
Preface to A Colored Man's Reminiscences of James Madison
"Among the laborers at the Department of the Interior is an intelligent colored man, Paul Jennings, who was born a slave on President Madison's estate, in Montpelier, Va., in 1799. His reputed father was Benj. Jennings, an English trader there; his mother, a slave of Mr. Madison, and the granddaughter of an Indian. Paul was a "body servant" of Mr. Madison, till his death, and afterwards of Daniel Webster, having purchased his freedom of Mrs. Madison. His character for sobriety, truth, and fidelity, is unquestioned; and as he was a daily witness of interesting events, I have thought some of his recollections were worth writing down in almost his own language." J.B.R.
& WHITE HOUSE SLAVERY